Diabetes And High Blood Pressure



Relationship Between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

Diabetes and high blood pressure are very important considerations for any individual concerned about their health. High blood pressure in particular which is also medically known as hypertension is an important risk factor in as far as the development or worsening of many complications of diabetes. Hypertension affects 60 out of every 100 people with diabetes.

There are particularly common diabetes complications associated with people with elevated blood pressure. These complications include diabetic retinopathy which is damage to the back of the eye and kidney damage medically known as diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic patients stand an increased risk of developing hypertension. Not only are they exposed to high blood pressure, they can also develop cardiovascular problems.

The association between diabetes and high blood pressure comes about due to the ability of diabetes to adversely affect arteries through atherosclerosis. This refers to the hardening of the arteries. When arteries are hardened this increases blood pressure through increased constriction of the arteries and lack of vessel wall flexibility. The definition of blood pressure clarifies the effects of hardening artery walls.

Blood pressure must be controlled in people with diabetes. Controlling blood pressure reduces the risk of future complications as established by a study done by the UK Prospective Diabetes Study. The research showed that of people monitored over a period of years, individuals with adequately controlled blood pressure possessed a third less risk of mortality related to diabetes complications such as heart attack and stroke.

This particular study brought out an even startling discovery. Individuals who well control their blood pressure have more benefits than individuals who well control their blood sugar level in reducing the risk of complications from diabetes. Good blood pressure can be achieved by implementing lifestyle modifications which includes eating foods that lower blood pressure, hypertension diet, eating less salt and exercising.

As mentioned earlier diabetes and high blood blood raise the risk of kidney disease when they exist together in the same individual. In your kidneys there are tiny blood vessels whose job is to filter your blood by removing waste and extra water producing urine. Diabetes together with high blood pressure damage these blood vessels and lead to kidney disease.

Contrary to generally held beliefs, kidney disease from diabetes or hypertension does not go away. It in fact gets worse over a period of time. The end stage of the disease is kidney failure which can only be resolved through dialysis or kidney transplant. Kidneys are kept healthy by managing your diabetic condition and high blood pressure. Healthy eating, staying active and taking medications as prescribed is essential.

In can be noted that damage to the kidneys will also possibly lead to a special type of hypertension associated with kidneys called renovascular hypertension. You may also learn about the different hypertension stages such as prehypertension, stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension to learn how these stages impact a diabetic condition.


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