Hypertension Statistics

Including hypertension statistics in the United States, by country and worldwide



Hypertension is a noncommunicable disease and a major health problem right across the globe. The main concern associated with high blood pressure is its high prevalence and its link to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The world Health Organization (WHO) notes that control rates for hypertension have slowed in the last few years in many countries across the world.

The most prevalent class of hypertension is primary hypertension which affects 90 to 95 percent of patients. Secondary hypertension is less common in adults and affects between 5 to 10 percent of adults or people suffering from high blood pressure. It is more associated with pediatric hypertension or high blood pressure in children.

Hypertension Statistics In The United States

These statistics of hypertension in the United States paint a dreadful picture of the prevalence and impact of high blood pressure in populations in America.

  • 1. In America up to 74.5 million people who are 20 years and older have high blood pressure.
  • 2. One adult in three in America has high blood pressure.
  • 3. According to the NHANES between 2003 and 2006 data show that amongst people with high blood pressure 77.6 percent were aware that they have it, 67.9 percent were under treatment, 44.1 percent had it controlled and 55.9 percent did not have it controlled. Controlling high blood pressure prevents stroke, heart disease, heart failure and kidney damage and even blindness.
  • 4. Statistics of hypertension in the United States show that among adults who are 20 and older 34.3 percent of men and 31.1 percent of women of non-Hispanic whites have high blood pressure. 43 percent of men and 44.8 percent of women amongst non-Hispanic blacks have high blood pressure. Amongst Mexican Americans 25.9 percent of men and 31.6 percent of women have high blood pressure
  • 5. A higher number of men than women have hypertension until age 45 in the United States.
  • 6. Hypertension statistical data shows that 69 percent of people with first heart attack, 74 percent who have stroke and 74 percent who have congestive heart failure have blood pressure numbers higher than 140/90mmHg
  • 7. According to more statistics on hypertension out of the United States, hypertension was recorded on death certificates as the primary cause of death of 56561 people in 2006. It was the major contributing cause of death in over 320 000 of the more than 2.4million deaths in 2006.
  • 8. Reviewing period 1996 to 2006 the rate of death from high blood pressure went up by 19.5 percent. The actual number of deaths increased by 48.1 percent.
  • 9. In monetary terms hypertension statistics show that the estimated direct and indirect cost of high blood pressure in 2010 was $76.6 billion.

Hypertension Statistics by Country and Worldwide

  • 1. In the UK hypertension affects over 16 million people and is responsible directly for half of all strokes and heart attacks.
  • 2. Failure to control blood pressure in the UK is estimated to lead to 62000 deaths each year.
  • 3. According to Health Survey for England of 2003, high blood pressure affects 31.7 percent men and 29.5 percent women in the UK.
  • 4. About 153 million adults in China suffer from hypertension. 24 percent are aware of their condition and a further 24 percent have it under control.
  • 5.The estimated number of hypertension cases among Chinese adults has increased from 30 million in 1960 to 59 million in 1980 and to 94 million in 1990
  • 6. The following data from WHO shows hypertension prevalence in selected countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region which has an average prevalence of 29 percent;

  • Iran - 43.8 percent
  • Sudan - 19.8 percent
  • Oman - 27.6 percent
  • Egypt - 19.4 percent
  • Jordan 36 percent

Sources: American Heart Association (AHA), World health Organization (WHO)


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