Diastolic Hypertension

By John Showe-Elder

Including diastolic hypertension causes, symptoms, treatment and medication and possible complications


Hypertension by definition is the force exerted on blood vessel walls when blood is flowing in the arteries. Functionally it is influenced by the amount of blood flowing in the arteries as well as the level of contraction or dilation of blood vessel walls. Blood pressure numbers are presented as systolic reading and a diastolic reading. Ideal blood pressure or normal blood pressure is 140/80mmHg. Diastolic reading is the smaller number i.e 80mmHg.

Diastolic hypertension is defined as a diastolic blood pressure greater or equal to 90mmHg irrespective of the systolic blood pressure. This means diastolic blood pressure can be elevated above 90mmHg whilst the systolic reading remains normal.

Diastolic Hypertension Causes and Symptoms

Doctors have closely observed and consequently strongly associated diastolic high blood pressure with aging. It appears that age has a great role to play in the onset of elevated diastolic blood pressure. Particularly older members of society in their 60s and onwards tend to experience natural aging of the heart and heart muscles.

Cardiac muscles will find it more difficult and hard work to fill the heart with blood during heartbeats. Diastolic blood pressure is blood pressure in-between heartbeats. Research as shown that individuals that possess a rich family history of diastolic high blood pressure are also likely to develop the condition. This also includes individuals who undergo cardiac surgery. The combination of the two may even elevate further the chances of developing diastolic high blood pressure.

Other harmful lifestyle habits such as smoking, heavy drinking, leading a sedentary lifestyle and obesity are viable factors that increases the risk of developing the condition for young adults and people in old age.

Diastolic Hypertension Symptoms

Doctors warn that hypertension symptoms are not always apparent. In reality in the majority of cases patients experience an asymptomatic condition. Regular blood pressure taking is perhaps the best chance of picking up an elevated diastolic blood pressure. This is why it is necessary to invest in one of the best blood pressure monitors reviewed on this site.

There are some hypertension warning signs and symptoms that are frequently associated with diastolic high blood pressure. It can be noted that these are neither certain nor conclusive as the very same symptoms can be as a result of some other underlying disorders not at all linked to high blood pressure. It is important to emphasize once again the irreplaceable role of taking blood pressure measurements on a regular basis. The following is a list of diastolic symptoms that as noted are not always definite;

  • Heart palpitations
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Night sweats and increased sweating
  • Difficulty sleeping

Diastolic Hypertension Treatment and Medication

It is generally observed that an elevated diastolic blood pressure is much easier to control compared to an elevated systolic blood pressure. Depending on the elevation of the diastolic pressure, using hypertension guidelines doctors often first and foremost use pharmacological high blood pressure meds to manage and control the blood pressure. Essential hypertension also known as primary hypertension is incurable. The mission is to prevent diastolic high blood pressure complications discussed in detail below.

These hypertension medications will include diuretics, beta-blockers, ARBs and a whole host of other high blood pressure treatment interventions. Other automatic treatment interventions will invariably include lifestyle modifications such as quitting smoking, eating healthy, drastically reducing alcohol consumption, cutting back on salt consumption and taking on regular exercise.

Diastolic Hypertension Complications

Elevated diastolic blood pressure will lead to organ damage namely the kidneys and heart if no effective effort is made to control the high blood pressure. Even though diastolic blood pressure cannot be taken for a sole predictor of heart failure and kidney failure, its role cannot be disputed in hypertension end-stage events such as stroke and heart attack.

Today doctors know that the complications of uncontrolled diastolic blood pressure are real with every 10mmHg rise in diastolic pressure doubling the chances of an individual suffering from heart disease, heart attack, stroke and heart and kidney failure.


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