Covering pulmonary hypertension treatment, medications and guidelines
Pulmonary hypertension treatment is essential for many individuals suffering from pulmonary artery hypertension. High blood pressure in general whether it be primary hypertension or secondary hypertension affects a significant number of the population. In most industrialized countries and emerging urban centers across the globe, this number is actually on the raise. Pulmonary hypertension itself is a rare disorder occurring in the lungs particularly arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs.
It occurs when these arteries have become narrowed making it hard for blood flow in the vessels. These raises blood pressure in these arteries. This can lead to heart failure due to an overworked right ventricle of the heart. In terms of incidence, it occurs in women more than men by as much as two times. Individuals of all races, ages and ethnic backgrounds can suffer from the disorder.
Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment And Medications
As associated with any hypertension treatment, lifestyle modifications are an integral part of treating pulmonary hypertension. These changes will include stopping smoking, reducing alcohol consumption and regular doctor prescribed exercise. The association between exercise and blood pressure is well researched. More importantly the type of exercise must be approved by your doctor after considering your circumstances. Aerobic exercise is what is considered ideal and refers to walking, and garden chores such as racking leaves and so on.
There are also dietary changes that will be needed as part of an effective pulmonary hypertension treatment. This change will include eating less sodium and introducing a hypertension diet which consists of abundant fruits and vegetables. In general this diet is loaded with foods that lower blood pressure and foods that are low in cholesterol. The association between salt and high blood pressure is also well studied. Most salts contain sodium which is harmful to your blood pressure health when consumed in excess.
It is necessary to keep in mind that appropriate diagnosis and analysis of the disorder is absolutely necessary before commencing treatment. Apart from lifestyle modifications mentioned above, there are other ways and means available to treat pulmonary hypertension. Lifestyle modifications can be considered a compulsory and common base intervention that any hypertension patient may not avoid. The other types of treatment of pulmonary hypertension whether it be high blood pressure meds or surgery varies according to the individual based on the different underlying causes. Doctors seriously rely on specific hypertension guidelines for pulmonary hypertension treatment to make a decision on how to treat pulmonary hypertension.
There are yet other factors that doctors take into account when deciding to treat such as drug tolerance of the patient in question, the severity of the condition and how likely it is for recovery or progression. The following are pulmonary hypertension treatment and medication options considered in the context of treatment guidelines made available to doctors by leading hypertension institutions;
1. Diuretics - also known as 'water pills', diuretics do an effective work in removing excess fluids from the body tissues and the bloodstream. The overall effect of this treatment medication is reduced swelling making breathing easier.
2. Vasolidators- thought to reduce pulmonary blood pressure, vasolidators may also improve the pumping efficiency of the heart's right side ventricle. This particular pulmonary hypertension medication has side effects which may include headache, upset stomach, dizziness and growth in body hair.
2. Oxygen- doctors may treat pulmonary hypertension using oxygen therapy when patients have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Other treatment options will include inotropic agents particularly useful in improving the pumping ability of the heart, blood thinners such as warfarin sodium which destroys the formation of clots allowing blood to freely flow and drugs called siblenofil which has a relaxing effect on muscle cells facilitating dilation of the pulmonary arteries. Yet other treatment options of pulmonary hypertension will include surgical procedures. Even though rare, heart and lung transplantation might be necessary. This can be necessitated by a double failure of these important organs.
Doctors may carry out lung transplantation. At the moment this is the only cure for primary pulmonary hypertension. In the U.S. alone as part of pulmonary hypertension treatment up to 1000 lung transplant are carried out. The challenge with lung transplant is the limited availability of donors.
Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment Guidelines
Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension are specifically designed and targeted at the medical community even though an increasing number of patients are doing their own reading to understand what their physicians are doing. However, often these guidelines are highly technical for an ordinary person to fully comprehend. Guidelines used in high blood pressure treatment give theoretical and practical information on the management of pulmonary hypertension patients. Guidelines also discuss the genetics, epidemiology and risk factors of pulmonary hypertension. They also help doctors interpret symptoms of pulmonary hypertension including which medications to use.