Ibuprofen and high blood pressure association has been both confirmed and contradicted by credible studies. On one hand, ibuprofen has been shown to increase blood pressure in individuals living with hypertension. On the other hand, and interestingly so, high doses of ibuprofen taken over a certain period of time have not been proven to cause elevated blood pressure in normotensive individuals. Normotensive individuals are people with normal blood pressure.
Ibuprofen, also known in common street language as vitamin I, belongs to a class of painkiller medications known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other similar well known NSAIDs that you probably know of include aspirin, indomethacin also known as indocin, and celecoxib also known as celebrex, among others.
The fact that it is a non-prescription drug and available over-the-counter makes public awareness of the link between ibuprofen and high blood pressure a matter of great interest and importance.
A peer reviewed study published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 2012, by BioMed Central put forward findings that NSAIDs such as ibuprofen caused, albeit to a small degree, elevated systolic blood pressure in individuals suffering from hypertension.
While the study report refereed to a 2 mm Hg increase in blood pressure as small, other studies have already shown that a slight change in blood pressure has tremendous consequences for cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity. What this means is that it is beneficial for any hypertensive individual to reduce their blood pressure numbers by any small margin possible to avoid possible cardiovascular damage.
The BMC Cardiovascular Disorders published study revealed that the rise in systolic blood pressure among hypertensive individuals taking ibuprofen differed according to high blood pressure medication the respective individuals were administering.
People prescribed with betablockers, a hypertension class of medications, experienced the greatest increase in blood pressure compared to other high blood pressure medications. This increase was explained by a certain effect ibuprofen had on the sympathetic nervous system which controls blood vessel constriction. When blood vessels are constricted, the heart is forced to work harder to pump blood increasing blood pressure. This also partly explains how the heart, as an organ, gets damaged.
Learning from the results of this study, when intending to use ibuprofen it is important to consider your high blood pressure meds and how that medication may interact with ibuprofen resulting in elevated blood pressure or reduced efficiency of the antihypertensive drugs.
If the relationship between ibuprofen and high blood pressure meds is of serious importance to you, a study cited in the peer reviewed Anaesthesia, Pain & Intensive Care (APICARE) journal investigated high blood pressure drugs that were least affected by NSAIDs. Of the many drugs, calcium channel blockers (CCB) were thought to be less affected by NSAIDs both in their efficiency and efficacy.
While the BioMed Central study did prove the relationship between
ibuprofen and high blood pressure in hypertensive individuals, another
independent study published earlier in the Drug Intelligence &
Clinical Pharmacy journal in 1987 did not find any association between
ibuprofen and high blood pressure this time in people with normal blood
Researchers followed a group of 10 healthy young women with normal blood pressure on a 24 hour basis measuring their blood pressure readings at intervals. During the study, which lasted some good 8 days, participants took no added salt to reduce any confounding effects.
Researchers concluded that as much as 2400 mg per day of ibuprofen for up to seven days had no effect on blood pressure numbers for individuals who had healthy blood pressure readings and not hypertensive. Furthermore, details of the research also revealed that no significant changes in systolic or diastolic blood pressure numbers occurred in the group during the 24-hour period of monitoring.
While this study seriously downplayed any association between ibuprofen and high blood pressure, a few things to keep in mind is that this was over a limited period of time of just over a week and also that the study was limited to a specific group, young women.
That said, the concern and focus across medical reports appears to be on high dose ibuprofen and its effect on blood pressure. In the European Union, for example, 1200 mg happens to be the highest dose available for over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen which are administered orally. It would appear lower doses of this NSAID should not cause concern. According to a May 2015 European Medicines Agency advisory, ibuprofen at doses of up to 1200 mg per day causes no increased cardiovascular risk.
Even so, some medical scientists have put forward that the increase in blood pressure as a result of the use of ibuprofen could actually be due to the NSAID itself, through competitive interaction, compromising the potency of whichever antihypertensive drug the individual would be taking. This possibly explains why normotensive individuals such as the group of ten young women did not have their blood pressure numbers rising despite administering a considerable dosage of ibuprofen.
To the best of our findings, the relationship between ibuprofen and high blood pressure still remains to be exhaustively investigated, suffice to say we do have some credible information to go by when making ibuprofen and blood pressure related decisions.
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While ibuprofen is mostly commonly accessed over-the-counter, the following are some Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs available through prescription
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